1956 - Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected president of Egypt.
1959 - Klaus Fuchs, a German Communist spy and naturalised Briton, was released from prison in England after serving nine years of a 14-year sentence for passing atomic secrets to Russia.
1960 - Patrice Lumumba became the first prime minister of the newly independent Republic of the Congo, now the Democratic Republic of Congo.
1967 - Pope Paul VI issued the encyclical Sacerdotalis Caelibatus, reaffirming the Roman Catholic Church's traditional law on priestly celibacy.
1971 - The European Economic Community concluded negotiations for Britain's entry.
1978 - Renato Curcio, the leader of the Italian Red Brigade urban guerrillas, was sentenced to 15 years in prison.
1980 - Sanjay Gandhi, younger son of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was killed when the plane he was piloting crashed.
1983 - The US Supreme Court ruled that the US Congress could not veto presidential decisions.
1985 - An Air India Boeing 747 on a flight from Canada crashed into the sea over 100 miles off the coast of Ireland; all 329 passengers and crew were killed.
1994 - After decades as an international outcast, South Africa reclaimed its seat in the U.N. General Assembly.
1995 - Jonas Salk, the medical pioneer who developed the first vaccine against polio, died.
1996 - Andreas Papandreou, Greece's former socialist prime minister, died after a long illness.
1996 - Sheikh Hasina, head of the Awami League and daughter of Bangladesh's murdered independence leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, took office as prime minister.
1998 - The Irish-born actress Maureen O'Sullivan, who had a lengthy career in films and on the stage, died. She is best known for a string of ''Tarzan'' films starring Johnny Weissmuller.
2001 - The fugitive Peruvian spy chief Vladimiro Montesinos, Latin America's most wanted man, was captured in Venezuela.
2002 - An earthquake measuring 8.1 on the Richter scale struck around Moquegua, in southern Peru, 856 miles (1,369 km) south of Lima, killing at least 97 people and leaving more than 46,000 homeless.
2003 - The US Supreme Court upheld the University of Michigan's affirmative action policy favouring minorities who apply to its law school, the first such ruling in a civil rights issue in 25 years.
2004 - The International Criminal Court opened its first investigation into crimes allegedly committed in the Democratic Republic of Congo, including rape, torture and the use of child soldiers.
2005 - Former Ku Klux Klansman Edgar Ray Killen was sentenced to 60 years in prison for orchestrating the 1964 killings of three civil rights workers who were registering black voters in Mississippi.
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